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Posts Tagged ‘PayPal’

QR Codes: Scanning for Loyalty and Payment

December 10, 2012 in Uncategorized | Comments (0)

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A few weeks ago, I posted about the recent Square round of funding and how there’s a battle going on over control of the point-of-sale (POS)—and it’s not only about payment. I believe it’s about loyalty, and leveraging the power of mobile to create a direct relationship with customers.

There are a number of solutions available that incorporate quick-response (QR) codes into purchase transactions. They all work like a virtual punch card, where customers spend a certain amount of money, and get some freebie or discount as a reward. They measure loyalty better than Facebook or foursquare “check ins” because customers actually have to buy something to get access to the QR code. Some solutions print the code at the bottom of each sales receipt (RewardLoop, Punchd), or allow customers to scan a code at the register (Perx, Belly).

The biggest bonus for retailers is that the QR code can contain information about the purchase: what was sold, date, time, location and payment method. Using this data, companies can get to know their customers buying habits and tailor their marketing based on that. The setup is lightweight, integrating with existing POS systems via an add-on device or software plug-in.

The quick scan also makes it easy for customers to enroll—and having your mobile replace the stack of paper cards in your wallet (or forgotten in your kitchen drawer) is a bonus too. You simply scan a code again each time you make a purchase, and the loyalty information is stored in the cloud. I myself have used a Subway iPhone application for the last few months, which follows this exact process.

Paying via QR code is gaining some traction as well, as we have seen with PayPal conducting some interesting pilots this year in Singapore on the walls in the MTR (the Singapore subway). It allows you to buy products directly from advertisements by scanning a QR code and entering your payment information. The QR code presumably captures the place and time you scanned, providing valuable information to retailers, as well as a direct connection to your mobile device.

At the same time, we’re continuing to see many banks start to incorporate QR codes into their mobile banking application for bill payment and also P2P payment. Start-up Paydiant, a white-label mobile payments API, recently received $12 million in funding. Pioneering restaurants, hotels and bars can use it to print QR codes on receipts, allowing customers to pay and leave when they want—and now Bank of America is testing the technology.

I’m not convinced QR code payments are the next killer app, but they are one more way to enable mobile payments without NFC. They’ll certainly play a role going forward in mobile CRM and payments. After all, Starbucks with its 2D barcode technology has already generated over $40 million USD in payment transactions as reported at the end of the first quarter this year.

Battle at the POS Heats Up

November 13, 2012 in Uncategorized | Comments (0)

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In September of this year, mobile payments provider Square announced that it had raised $200 million. Investors included, among others, Starbucks Coffee Company—a surprise for many in the mobile payments industry, as Starbucks has been so successful with its own app.

The press release about the funding includes some impressive numbers. Last fall (2011), Square had about 150 employees and processed about $1 billion in payments (annualized). This fall, it has over 400 employees and processes over $8 billion in payments (again, annualized). Talk about explosive growth.

Square pioneered a new point of sale (POS) by allowing small businesses and consumers to accept credit card payments via their mobile devices. Several Square-like equivalents have popped up lately, including PayPay Here, iZettle in Europe and Tortuga in Asia.

Now it’s clear that Square is onto something new. Its Pay With Square app allows consumers to pay for purchases by simply telling the cashier their name. GPS and a few apps cooperate behind the scenes to take care of the rest—no credit card swipe required. (See my earlier post for details.)

Square’s success is certainly helping to fuel the battle at the POS not only in terms of where the payment is taken, but also in the method of payment. Back in May, Visa and MasterCard both entered the ring in an effort to defend their long-established market dominance. Each launched its own “digital” wallet service—not “mobile” wallet, mind you. Yet.

Visa’s solution, called V.me, is made for online transactions. It stores your credit card, billing and shipping details, allowing you to pay for online purchases by providing only your V.me email address and password to the merchant. It’s not tap-and-pay, but it’s a start. And the company says it plans to introduce the mobile aspect soon via NFC, QR codes or other technology that would allow tap-and-pay, scan-and-pay or something similar.

MasterCard’s answer is PayPass Wallet, which expands on the PayPass brand that does currently offer tap-and-go NFC payments (i.e. Google Wallet). The new addition, PayPass Wallet, is also geared toward online purchases, storing the necessary card, shipping and billing details and allowing you to check out faster, though via a special button on the websites of participating merchants (or in their mobile apps). And like Visa, MasterCard says it has plans to roll out to points of sale at some point in the future, but offers no specifics regarding timeframe or technology.

POS rookie Google Wallet continues to march on, working out the kinks, adding more credit cards, and steadily signing up merchants and users. One stumbling block continues to be the small range of compatible consumer devices. Isis, the NFC mobile payment joint venture between AT&T, Verizon and T-Mobile, just launched its pilots in Salt Lake City and Austin in October.

It’s an interesting battle to watch, and not only because of the different companies vying for control. Technology is developing so fast that NFC may already be yesterday’s news. We’re clearly still in the learning phase, with each solution providing valuable lessons for the next. Offerings are also moving from payment only to payment + additional value. And I think that “additional value” is the key to making mobile payments work. Check back soon for my follow-up post about how QR codes are entering the fray and may give NFC a run for it’s money.

Banks and Social Media: Where Is It Going?

August 7, 2012 in Uncategorized | Comments (0)

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A year ago, I blogged about how banks and financial institutions like Amex were starting to experiment with social media (see “Banking on Social Media”), following consumers there, promoting their products and services and generally testing the waters. Now, banks have gone a step beyond: social payments.

In February of this year, Philippine telecommunications giant Globe Telecom offered its well-established GCASH mobile commerce service as an iPhone app that enables customers to send money not only to people in their phonebook but also to their email and Facebook contacts. In June, Poland’s Alior Bank announced Alior Sync, a separate business and all-digital financial services firm, which offers (among other things, see below) Facebook-based payments. Social media and banking is now very real.

In the case of Alior customers, they can transfer money directly to friends on Facebook through the surprising channel of photos. Both senders and recipients must use the Alior Sync application. The payments are authorized with single-use codes sent via SMS and protected with captcha. Recipients can transfer the funds they collect to any bank account in Poland. Targeted at young, tech-savvy consumers, Alior Sync, unlike Globe Telecom, is actually relying on technology for all of its customer interactions. The digital bank has no physical branches; only a web-based, virtual branch with live “tellers” available for video, audio, or text chat to help customers do whatever they need to do, and mobile apps (Android and iOS) that provide basic services including balance and budget tracking, funds transfer, and invoice payment. Customers can also make PayPal payments through email.

ASB Bank in New Zealand originally broke Facebook ground in the fall of 2010 with its virtual branch, available from the bank’s Facebook page. A number of agents are available via chat to answer questions from anyone who asks, ASB customer or not. Incidentally, ASB also recently launched a Facebook-friends payment service coming soon to its mobile app, which customers already use to send payments to anyone with an email or mobile number (similar to Commonwealth Bank Australia with its Kaching app.)

It’s clear that banks are connecting to the Facebook Platform API and moving forward. What’s not clear at this point is how consumers are going to respond. ASB’s virtual branch has been popular, garnering thousands of “likes” and serving enough customers that the bank has kept it alive for going on two years. But, ASB is just answering questions, not handling financial transactions.

Currently banks look to be best positioned to be successful when it comes to payments. In a survey Sybase 365 conducted late last year, banks scored highest when it came to who consumers would prefer to provide a mobile payments service. (See “Mobile Consumers Trust in Banks.”)

For that reason, it’s interesting to me that banks are looking to use Facebook as their channel network. I like to see the innovation, and my wife and I are giving the Kaching app a try. I’m very curious to see how this will evolve over the coming year.